Staining concrete can be appealing to many people who wish to create extraordinary decorative effects at an affordable price. With as just $2/square foot, staining can be used to create an unlimited variety of colors and unique effects for both indoor and outdoor surfaces.
Concrete stain is more than just add a hue. Instead of creating a solid transparent effect similar to the paints or coatings that are colored staining the concrete can add vibrant, deep, and translucent tones. Certain stain producers use terms like “antiqued,” “variegated,” or “mottled” to describe the unique appearance. Even when you use the same staining product and identical shades there are no two concrete walls, floors or countertops that will appear identical due to variables like the composition and the age of the concrete, as well as the porosity of the surface.
How long will the stain on concrete last?
Because the stains penetrate the concrete surface the color remains durable and lasts for a long time. If properly applied to concrete the color won’t fade, chip, or peel off.
What are the distinctions between water-based and acid-based staining?
Acid-based concrete staining comprises metallic inorganic salts that are dissolved in an acid solution and water. They are absorbed into the concrete surface and then react chemically with the concrete, forming an irresistible bond. The color they create is transparent rather than opaque, leading to deep, rich tones as well as beautiful marbling effects.
Non-reactive water-based staining (typically made up of acrylic pigments and polymers) covers the pores of the concrete surface and creates a color-changing film or coating that ranges from opaque to translucent based on the specific product. The major distinction is that there is no chemical reaction occurs and the color remains more uniform. The majority of the products listed are less laden with VOCs (volatile organic compounds) and safer to use because they’re free of acid and solvents. For more information,
Can I stain concrete myself?
In applying stain, employing the correct methods and tools is essential to get excellent outcomes. After the stain is removed and the color is set, there’s no way to go back. If you are unsure consider hiring an expert, particularly in the case of incorporating various colors or elaborate decorative effects.
Another thing to think about is security. When working with chemical products that contain acid staining, it’s essential to use the correct security measures since they usually contain corrosive ingredients that could cause skin and eye irritation and create powerful smells.
Concrete can be painted?
The stains are water-based and acid-based. They may be used on either new or old, either plain or fully colored concrete. They can be applied both outdoors and inside all over concrete flooring and kitchen countertops to driveways and pool decks.
The primary consideration is the state of the concrete surface. In the event that the concrete has been covered in dirt and coatings, glues or curing membranes or sealers that prevent the stain from being absorbed the concrete, will not be effective in absorbing and achieving full development of color.
What is my color options for colored concrete?
The color choices you have will differ depending on whether you’re using an acid – or water-based stain. For acid staining your choices of color are restricted. A majority of manufacturers only offer eight shades, which are mostly subtle earth tones, like browns, tans, terra aqua cottas, and gentle blue-greens. While the palette of colors is limited, you can combine two colors of stain prior to application to get a different shade or paint one color over one. It is also possible to create deeper hues using a stain application process that involves using two coats.
If you’re looking to go beyond the subdued intensity and subdued colors of acid staining with water, water-based acrylic staining offers an array of colors to pick from. The majority of manufacturers provide a variety of standard colors, which include white and black, and metallic tints. In many cases, there are a variety of colors that can be mixed together, as with water-based paints to expand the options.
What can I do to select the correct stain shade?
The color choice is usually dictated by personal taste or a desire to complement or match an existing color scheme like staining a concrete floor to reflect the same colors on a wall with wood panels. Because stain colors last forever and are permanent, many homeowners prefer neutral hues, like lighter browns, light tans greens, and grays. No matter what color stain you pick, be aware of these warnings:
- When using acid-based stains color variations are common. The surface will appear to appear mottled and variegated in appearance. These variations will be highlighted when the final coat the sealer has been applied.
- For some stain colors that contain acid that you can see in liquid form might not be the same after the stain has come into contact on the concrete. The stain might not show its true color until it’s been allowed to sit on the concrete for a few hours or more. Make sure to apply the stain on a small test area prior to coating the entire area.
- The effects of color will typically be more intense in concrete that is brand new as opposed to more weathered or older concrete.
The majority of stain manufacturers offer color charts or stained concrete samples to help you understand the possibilities. Contractors might also be in a position to supply samples of the stain colors they use.
What kinds of effects are possible using staining concrete?
Based on the colors and methods of application used depending on the color and application techniques used, stained concrete can be made to look like anything from polished marble, natural stone to tanned leather as well as stained wood.
There are a variety of options available to you, including:
- Applying different stain colors, either through layering or blending the stain color (see Methods for Blending Two Colors of Acid Stain.)
- Utilizing stains using coloring agents (see Concrete Dyes Expand the Color Palette of Concrete Stains).
- Applying thicker gelled stains using stencils to create artistic patterns as well as other effects for decoration.
For a variety of examples of what designers and contractors are creating with concrete staining, either by itself or in conjunction with other techniques for decoration, check out six concrete staining techniques Unveiled.
How much will staining concrete set you back?
The price of staining can differ based on the degree of difficulty involved in staining application, surface preparation requirements, as well as the size of the job. A simple staining application on concrete that requires only minimal preparation of the surface will cost approximately $2-$4 per square foot. On the other hand, more intricate staining projects that involve various colors and unique design features can cost around up to $15 for a square foot, or even more, depending on the skill and time required. Check out this summary of stained concrete costs and pricing.
How can I keep the color of concrete?
While the concrete stain isn’t a permanent substance and will not flake off like paint, it will only penetrate its the topmost layer. It will eventually fade as the concrete’s surface is worn by weather or traffic. To extend the life of stain it is recommended to protect the concrete surface that has been stained by using a clear sealer and the interior flooring with a quality floor wax. To keep your concrete stained looking the best, you’ll be required to keep it clean often with dry dust mopping as well as occasionally wet mopping using a neutral pH cleaner.